Also known as vitamin B5, the name pantothenic comes from the Greek word 'panthos' which means everywhere. The body uses pantothenic acid in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats, and in the production of adrenal hormones, skin, hair, nerves, and red blood cells.
In addition to playing a role in the breakdown of fats and carbohydrates for energy, vitamin B5 is critical to the manufacture of red blood cells, as well as sex and stress-related hormones produced in the adrenal glands, small glands that sit atop the kidneys.
Your body needs pantothenic acid to synthesize cholesterol. A derivative of pantothenic acid called pantethine is being studied to see if it may help lower cholesterol levels in the body.
All B vitamins are water soluble and not stored in the body, so it is important to replenish then regularly.